Ishas Physiotherapy and Spine Care Clinic

Understanding the Types of Spondylitis

A collection of chronic arthritis-like illnesses affecting the joints of the spine and sacroiliac area are collectively referred to as spondylitis. The pelvis and lower spine are parts of the sacroiliac area. Spondylitis is divided into several subgroups by medical experts. Widespread inflammation caused by some subtypes can impact several organs or systems in the body.


The 8 Types of Spondylitis


1. Ankylosing Spondylitis :


It is most commonly known as ankylosing spondylitis. Usually, it affects the hip joints, lower back, and spine.

  • Lower Back Pain
  • Hip Joint Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling

2. Enteropathic Arthritis (EnA) :


This type of spondylitisThe intestines hurt and become inflamed. Might be experiencing severe joint and back pain.


  • Stomach Pain
  • Chronic Diarrhea
  • Weight Loss
  • Blood in Bowel Movements

3. Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) :


This kind of spondylitis produces stiffness and pain in the back. It has been linked to skin psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis primarily affects the smaller joints, such as the fingers and toes, causing discomfort and swelling.


  • Pain and Inflammation in the Fingers, Hands, and Foot
  • Skin Rash (Psoriasis Flare-Up)
  • Dactylitis (also known as “Sausage Fingers,” is the swelling of a toe or finger between joints)

4. Reactive Arthritis/Reiter’s Syndrome (ReA) :


ReA spondylitis typically develops as a result of a bacterial infection. A gastrointestinal illness brought on by eating food contaminated with Salmonella or a sexually transmitted infection like chlamydia could be the cause. The spine, sacroiliac joints, and peripheral joints (such as the knees and ankles) may all experience discomfort and inflammation as a result of ReA. On either side of your lower spine are these.



  • Joint Pain and Swelling
  • Skin Rash
  • Eye Inflammation
  • Bladder and Genital Pain and Inflammation

5. Juvenile Spondylitis (JSpA) :


A kind of arthritis that affects kids and teenagers is called JSpA. Usually, this type of arthritis affects the joints in the legs. 




  • Inflammation and pain in the spine and surrounding joints.
  • Impacts the regions of bone where muscles, ligaments, and tendon attachments are found.

6. Undifferentiated Spondylitis :


Undifferentiated spondylitis is the term given to this type of spondylitis that does not fit the criteria for ankylosing spondylitis or a comparable condition. The common signs of undifferentiated spondylitis don’t usually include skin rashes, stomach issues, or back discomfort.




  • Inflammatory Back Pain
  • Buttock Pain
  • Enthesitis (Heel Pain)
  • Peripheral Arthritis
  • Dactylitis
  • Fatigue
  • Eye Inflammation

7. Axial Spondylitis :


  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Reactive Arthritis
  • Enteropathic
  • Arthritis
  • Undifferentiated Spondylitis
  • Psoriatic Arthritis

8. Peripheral Spondylitis :


This category includes spondylitis subtypes that appear as arm and leg pain. 


Often impacted joints are:

  • Knees
  • Ankles
  • Feet
  • Hands
  • Wrists
  • Elbows
  • Shoulders



Early spondylitis treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent further health issues. Although there isn’t a cure for spondylitis, there are therapies that can help control the condition and lessen symptoms. Exercises, physical therapy, and medication are available as forms of treatment. In addition to receiving regular care, some people might want to explore complementary therapies including acupuncture, massage, and relaxation techniques.


Ishas Physiotherapy

We take a holistic approach to care and ensure convenience of accessing Physiotherapist service in Jayanagar, Bangalore from Consultation to Treatment to Post-treatment care. We provide treatments across multiple specialities that includes evaluating, assessing, and treating individuals with limitations in functionality.

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